When you decided to get a dog, I'll bet you daydreamed about
the great times you'd have with your new best friend. However, there are many things that you need to consider
in order to keep your pooch happy and healthy. Things that perhaps you'd rather not even think
When you go to the veterinarian, he may ask you to bring
along a urine sample from your dog. How do you do this? Your dog surely won't be able to hit a sample bottle.
The easiest way to accomplish this is to tape a polythene container to the end of a yard stick. While your dog
is out doing his business, position the container underneath his urine stream. This is easier to do with male
dogs than female dogs but you can usually get a sample with one or two tries.
Your veterinarian will want as fresh a sample as possible so
if you won't be taking the sample to the vet right away, keep it refrigerated until you bring it in. Your
veterinarian will be checking the sample for a variety of things like bacteria and crystals.
If bacteria are found it could mean that your dog has a
urinary tract infection and will most likely require your dog to be put on a course of antibiotics. Crystals
form in the urine whenever minerals bind together, there are several different kinds of crystals and these are
most often treated with prescription diets.
If your veterinarian asks for a stool sample it could mean
that he suspects that intestinal parasites are bothering your dog. They can get these by eating faecal matter
from another affected animal, carcasses, or other unsavoury things.
You will want to bring in a fresh sample. The doctor will
examine it under the microscope and look for tell-tale eggs of parasites. Commonest parasites are roundworms,
hookworms, whipworms, and tapeworms.
Several of today’s monthly heartworm medications also protect
against roundworms and hookworms. If you live in the country or your dog is outside for much of the day, he may
need to be treated with a tapeworm wormer on a quarterly basis. Other diseases like coccidia, can also be seen
under the microscope from your dog’s stool sample.
What about anal glands? The anal glands are two small glands
located just on the inside of your dog’s anus that secrete a foul-smelling liquid. Usually, the glands will be
emptied when your dog defecates.
Unfortunately, in some dogs, the anal glands become impacted
and do not empty properly. If your dog is urinating more than usual or licking his hind quarters more often,
there may be a problem with his anal glands. In this case it's important to make an appointment with your
veterinarian who will check the anal glands by gloved touch. If the anal glands are full, he will be able to
empty them manually.
It is possible, however, to learn how to do this yourself at
home. Some dogs require their anal glands be manually emptied regularly. Some owners have their dog’s anal
glands surgically removed but if you choose to do this, discuss the possible outcomes with your veterinarian as
there is often a risk of faecal incontinence if the surgery goes awry.
Occasionally in dogs, dandruff is just dandruff caused by
skin allergies, nutritional deficiencies, or improper grooming. Sometimes, however, dandruff can be a sign of a
parasite called mange of which there are a few different types:
Demodectic Mange is caused by a mite which all dogs
have but are rarely adversely affected by it. Sometimes however, there can be an overabundance of these mites which
causes skin irritation and hair loss.
Sarcoptic Mange (also known as scabies) is caused by
another type of mite. A female mite buries herself in the dog’s skin and lays her eggs there. When the eggs hatch,
the cycle begins again. This causes severe skin irritation and hair loss in dogs but is easily
Cheyletiella Mange is caused by a large mite that
lives on the surface of the dog’s skin. This infestation is also known as 'walking dandruff'. This type of mange
causes minor skin irritation but is easily treatable with topical medication.
It's important that you are properly educated and can
recognize signs and symptoms so that you keep your dog as healthy as he can be.